Authors Andrea S. Licht 1,2,*, Andrew J. Hyland 1, Richard J. O’Connor 1, Frank J. Chaloupka 3, Ron Borland 4, Geoffrey T. Fong 5,6, Nigar Nargis 5 and K. Michael Cummings Date 2011 Publication Link http://www.ihrp.uic.edu/content/socioeconomic-variation-price-minimizing-behaviors-findings-international-tobacco-control-it Research Category behavior Country 4-country Abstract This paper examines how socio-economic status (SES) modifies how smokers adjust to changes […]
Category Archives: Research
The British medical journal The Lancet studied 14 developing nations and found that nearly half of men and 11 percent of women in those countries use tobacco, mostly smoke products. Jeffrey Brown talks to State University of New York at Buffalo’s Gary Giovino about why some cultures don’t specifically encourage quitting.
Socio-Economic Variation in Price Minimizing Behaviors: Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
Authors Ross H, Blecher E, Yan L, Cummings KM. Date June 2011 Publication Link http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/13/6/419.full Research Category Future thinking Country 4-Country Abstract INTRODUCTION:Given the impact of higher tobacco prices on smoking cessation, we studied the role of future cigarette prices on forming expectation about smoking behavior. METHODS:Using a random sample of 9,058 adult cigarette smokers from the United […]
Knowledge of health effects and intentions to quit among smokeless tobacco users in India: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) India Pilot Survey.
Authors Raute LJ, Sansone G, Pednekar MS, Fong GT, Gupta PC, Quah AC, Bansal-Travers M, Sinha DN. Date 2011 Publication Link http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21875273 Research Category Cessation – Smokeless Country India Abstract PDF Link Citation Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2011;12(5):1233-8.
Effectiveness of the European Union text-only cigarette health warnings: findings from four countries. 2011. The
Authors Hitchman SC, Mons U, Nagelhout GE, Guignard R, McNeill A, Willemsen MC, Driezen P, Wilquin JL, Beck F, Du-Roscöat E, Pötschke-Langer M, Hammond D, Fong GT. Date September 15, 2011 Publication Link pub med Research Category Warning Labels Country European Abstract BACKGROUND: The European Commission requires tobacco products sold in the European Union to display standardized text health warnings. This article examines the effectiveness of the […]
Australian smokers increasingly use help to quit, but number of attempts remains stable: Findings from the International Tobacco Control study 2002-2009
Authors Cooper J, Borland R, Yong HH. Date August 2011 Publication Link Pub Med Research Category Cessation Country Australia Abstract To assess interest in quitting smoking and quitting activity, and the use of pharmacotherapy and behavioural cessation support, among Australian smokers between 2002 and 2009. METHODS: Data were taken from 3303 daily smokers taking part in a minimum […]
How do price minimizing behaviors impact smoking cessation? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
Authors Licht AS, Hyland AJ, O’Connor RJ, Chaloupka FJ, Borland R, Fong GT, Nargis N, Cummings KM. Date May 2011 Publication Link http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21655144 Research Category Cessation Country 4-country Abstract Abstract This paper examines how price minimizing behaviors impact efforts to stop smoking. Data on 4,988 participants from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Four-Country Survey who were smokers at baseline (wave […]
“Plain packaging” regulations for tobacco products: the impact of standardizing the color and design of cigarette packs.
Authors Hammond D. Date March 2010 Publication Link Salud Publica Mex. 2010;52 Suppl 2:S226-32. Research Category Plain Packaging Country Abstract Tobacco packaging and labeling policies have emerged as prominent and cost-effective tobacco control measures. Although packaging policies have primarily focused on health warnings, there is growing recognition of the importance of packaging as a marketing tool […]
In past months, Australian news audiences have been exposed to some exotic, presumed-extinct species on their screens and radios. After more than 15 years, the tobacco industry dodo is back and walking among us, attempting to fly. Australia’s pioneering plain packaging legislation has brought it out into public, in a desperate effort to prevent the fall of a domino that promises to cascade globally, ending the industry’s centrepiece of tobacco promotion: the lure of the pack.
The University of California’s Stan Glantz once remarked that those who lead the tobacco industry are like cockroaches: “They love the dark and they spread disease.”1 Ever since the magnesium glare unleashed by the public release of its internal documents via the 1998
Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement in the United States, the industry has kept well out of public view, working behind the scenes to shore up its ebbing credibility. The court of public opinion told tobacco companies they were regarded as the most untrustworthy of all industries.2 Media appearances had become progressively humiliating as their spin was rejected. But the truth serum contained in the millions of now-public pages of court-ordered internal documents sealed their public fate. The industry had known tobacco killed, but
had lied about it for decades. Their marketing divisions had underlined the vital importance of recruiting youth, and their chemists had been busy working to enhance the addictiveness of nicotine.
Australia’s historic plain cigarette packaging legislation is a weapons-grade public health policy that is causing apoplexy in the international industry. It is likely to have little effect on heavily dependent smokers, who tend to be brand-loyal and less image-conscious, but without
branding, future generations will grow up never having seen category A carcinogens packaged in attractive packs. Today’s 19-year-olds have never seen local tobacco advertising and youth smoking rates are at an all-time low. Plain packs will
turbocharge this trend, making smoking history.
Authors Dave hammond Date 05-2011 Publication Link Tobacco Control PDF LINK Research Category Health Warning Labels Country Canada, USA, Australia, UK, the Netherlands, France, New Zealand,Mexico, Brazil, Beligium, Noraway, Malaysia, china Abstract Objective To review evidence on the impact of health warning messages on tobacco packages. Data sources Articles were identified through electronic databases of published articles, […]
Quitting Smoking and Change in Alcohol Consumption in the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
|Authors||Christopher W. Kahler, Ron Borland, Andrew Hyland, Sherry A. McKee, Richard J. O’Connor, Geoffrey T. Fong, and K. Michael Cummings|
|Drug Alcohol Dependence|
|Citation||Kahler, C. W., Borland, R., Hyland, A., McKee, S. A., O’Connor, R. J., Fong, G. T., et al.
(2010). Quitting smoking and change in alcohol consumption in the International Tobacco
Control (ITC) Four Country Survey. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 110(1-2), 101-7.
Retrieved July 18, 2010, from
Authors O’Connor, R. J., Cummings, K. M., Giovino, G. A., McNeill, A., & Kozlowski, L. T Date 4 FEBRUARY 2006 Publication Link Letter BMJ VOLUME 332 Research Category Industry, Design Country UK Abstract To try to reduce the harm caused by cigarette smoking, the European Commission established maximal values for tar (10 mg), nicotine (1 mg), […]
CBC “Busted” on packaging features ITC Investigator
Cigarette companies are not allowed to advertise to young smokers in Canada, but have they found a way around this by making their packaging prettier?
Jilan Yang, David Hammond, Pete Driezen, Richard J O’Connor, Qiang Li, Hua-Hie Yong, Geoffrey T Fong, Yuan Jiang
Cessation This report highlights the findings from several ITC cessation studies that were published in the October 2010 supplement of Nicotine and Tobacco Research, as well as other published ITC research. ITC project findings support Article 14 Guidelines on Tobacco Dependence and Cessation as they provide evidence of a high global demand for cessation, yet […]
Authors Thrasher JF, Villalobos V, Barnoya J, Sansores R, O’Connor RJ Date 02-15-2011 Publication Link BMG Public Health Research Category behaviors Country Mexico Abstract Previous cross-sectional research has suggested single cigarettes could either promote or inhibit consumption. The present study aimed to assess the effects of single cigarette availability and consumption on downstream quit behavior. […]
Authors Thrasher JF, Huang L, Pérez-Hernández R, Niederdeppe J, Arillo-Santillán E, Alday J. Date Feb 2011 Publication Link http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21164097 Research Category Smoke free Country Mexico Abstract We aimed to assess the level of awareness and impact of a social marketing campaign to promote Mexico City’s 2008 comprehensive smoke-free law. METHODS: Four months after the smoke-free law was implemented but before the […]
Authors James F Thrasher, Victor Villalobos, Joaquin Barnoya, Raul Sansores, and Richard O’Connor Date Feb 25, 2011 Publication Link http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/134/abstract Research Category Behavior Country mexico Abstract Background: Previous cross-sectional research has suggested single cigarettes could either promote or inhibit consumption. The present study aimed to assess the effects of single cigarette availability and consumption on downstream quit behavior. Methods: We analyzed population-based, […]
Authors: Karin A. Kasza 1,*, Andrew J. Hyland 2, Abraham Brown 3, Mohammad Siahpush 4, Hua-Hie Yong 5, Ann D. McNeill 6, Lin Li 5 and K. Michael Cummings 2 Download hereThe Effectiveness of Tobacco Marketing Regulations on Reducing Smokers’ Exposure to Advertising and Promotion: Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
Socioeconomic Variation in the Prevalence, Introduction, Retention, and Removal of Smoke-Free Policies:4 Country
Download Here Socio-Economic Variation in Price Minimizing Behaviors: Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
Authors O’Connor RJ, Norton KJ, Bansal-Travers M, Mahoney MC, Cummings KM, Borland R Date Publication Link Harm Reduct Research Category Design, Behaviors Country USA Abstract It has been suggested that cigarette smokers will switch to alternative oral nicotine delivery products to reduce their health risks if informed of the relative risk difference. However, it is […]